With the availability of abundant computing power and increasing digitization of the world, there are opportunities to use insights from data to make the world run better. We present our efforts towards transformations in healthcare, education, and transportation, each with a potential to create new business opportunities and impact the lives of millions of people. We begin by describing a clear opportunity to improve the healthcare system worldwide by supporting a shift from reactive treatment to more proactive action. We present new machine learning techniques to predict a specific class of complications in an ICU, to identify patients in a hospital who are likely to require ICU admission, and to support triage of stroke patients. We also present preliminary work that shows the applicability of remote sensing and data analytics to measure body vitals such as respiration and heart rate, and also to screen for diseases such as breast cancer and atrial fibrillation (a form of cardiac arrhythmia). We then describe a system called TutorSpace to help with personalization and improved navigation of videos from massive open online courses to enable more effective learning. Finally, we present data-driven techniques to improve public transportation services and to enable cities to reduce traffic congestion while offering a range of transportation options to its citizens. We frame all of the above efforts as examples of using technology to enable personalized services to consumers.
Dr. Manish Gupta is Vice President at Xerox Corporation and Director of Xerox Research Centre in India. Previously, Manish has served as Managing Director, Technology Division at Goldman Sachs India, and has held various leadership positions with IBM, including that of Director, IBM Research - India and Chief Technologist, IBM India/South Asia. From 2001 to 2006, he served as a Senior Manager at the IBM T.J. Watson Research Center in Yorktown Heights, New York, where he led the team developing system software for the Blue Gene/L supercomputer. IBM was awarded a National Medal of Technology and Innovation for Blue Gene by US President Barack Obama in 2009. Manish holds a Ph.D. in Computer Science from the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign. He has co-authored about 75 papers, with roughly 6,000 citations in Google Scholar (with an h-index of 42) in the areas of high-performance computing, compilers, and virtual machine optimizations, and has been granted 19 US patents. Manish has received an Outstanding Innovation Award, two Outstanding Technical Achievement Awards and the Lou Gerstner Team Award for Client Excellence at IBM. He is an ACM Fellow, a recipient of a Distinguished Alumnus Award from IIT Delhi, and has been elected a Fellow of the Indian National Academy of Engineering.